The southern Sudan has been torn by internal and external struggles for most of its long history. The area has seldom been unified by its own leaders or by those seeking to impose their rule upon the southerners. One of the greatest experiments in national integration is now underway in that region. Certain progress has been made, but much remains to be done. The struggle for national integration in the huge and underdeveloped Sudan is very difficult, with ethnic and geographical factors weighing heavily. The problem has been complicated by the deep roots of national division planted by British colonialism and nourished by changing governments in Khartoum and b y global powers which have used the southern Sudan for their own ends. Here we will review the past in order to judge the future prospects for national integration.
Information Papers, No. 12, March 1978
Lobban, Richard. "National Integration and Disintegration: the southern Sudan," in, "Three Studies on National Integration in the Arab World," Association of Arab-American University Graduates, Information papers, No. 12, March, 14-27 pps.