Document Type


Department (Manual Entry)

Department of Anthropology


This article is a retrospective of Terence Hays and his early ethnographic experiences with the Ndumba and with those who had almost no contact with Europeans. Hays draws on other works by those who also played the "pioneer" role in their field work and discusses how the society has handled the impact from the first contact of the "true pioneers" who had arrived almost 20 years prior to Hays and the others. Many of the Highlanders already were drawing on their previous experiences with the Europeans to deal with them as a constant in their lives. Hays notes that even though these were early contact situations, he and other ethnographers had predecessors and their time in the field would affect everything the next group did while they were there even with almost 20 years between them.


This is a Festschrift in honor of Paula Brown Glick.

Rights Management

Terence Hays