"It seemed a radical idea: Close off a street to vehicles in the heart of the downtown and open it only to a single use, that of the pedestrian. In today's parlance, this user-friendly pedestrian street or mall would make the shopping experience more enjoyable, safer, lead to more socializing and make it easier for the pedestrian to shop and buy more. And for a while it worked."
Smolski, Chester, "Public is Walking Away from Street Malls" (1990). Smolski Texts. 189.