Chet Smolski


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The Dome of the Rock is the earliest remaining Islamic monument. It is constructed on an artificial platform, has a dome measuring 20 meters in diameter, and a exterior richly decorated in mosaic. The shape of the building is octagonal. It was built by the Umayyad dynasty, in part to complete with the splendor of Christian and Jewish architecture, but also to emphasize the victory of Islam in completing the revelations of Christianity and Judaism.

The Dome of the Rock is a shrine that houses the Foundation Stone, a significant holy site in the Jewish and Islamic traditions. In the modern Muslim tradition it is believed that the Foundation Stone is the site of Muhammad’s ascent into Heaven. In the Jewish tradition, the Foundation Stone is the holiest site on Earth. Jews all over the world pray toward the Foundation Stone.


(accessed October 12, 2011)

Ettinghausen, Richard, Grabar, Oleg and Jenkins-Madina, Marilyn. Islamic Art and Architecture 650-1250. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2001) 15-17


This object from the Chester E. Smolski photographic slides and publications, housed by the Rhode Island College Special Collections, and any of its digital surrogates are the intellectual property of Rhode Island College. This digital object is protected by copyright and/or related rights. The digital material presented here is licensed with a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. This content can be used, shared, or adapted for educational and scholarly purposes. For permissions to use this item please contact All uses must include appropriate attribution.

Creator 1 Role


Recommended Citation

Chester E. Smolski photographic slides and publications, MSS-0041, Special Collections, James P. Adams Library, Rhode Island College.


historic, shrine, Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem, Foundation Stone, religious architecture