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This photograph shows contrasting styles of architecture in downtown Rio de Janeiro. Here we see a row of 19th century buildings on Rua Acre with the modernist twenty two story building, The Night, at the end of the street. The older buildings are examples of 19th century eclecticism, a trend in European architecture adapted in Rio de Janeiro to reflect the landscape and the temperament of the local residents (Evenson, 75). In reaction to the choas of 19th century architecture, the modern movement, another European trend that found it’s way to Brazil, reflected the new industrial realities of the time. The Night (Portuguese: A Noite), designed by architect Joseph Spin, is an early example of modernism in Brazilian architecture and a precursor to the Art Deco style that would soon appear all over the city.


Evenson, Norma. Two Brazilian Capitals. (New Haven, 1973). pp. 75-6 (accessed 12 June 2012)


This object from the Chester E. Smolski photographic slides and publications, housed by the Rhode Island College Special Collections, and any of its digital surrogates are the intellectual property of Rhode Island College. This digital object is protected by copyright and/or related rights. The digital material presented here is licensed with a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. This content can be used, shared, or adapted for educational and scholarly purposes. For permissions to use this item please contact All uses must include appropriate attribution.

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Recommended Citation

Chester E. Smolski photographic slides and publications, MSS-0041, Special Collections, James P. Adams Library, Rhode Island College.


street view; commercial; architecture; eclecticism in architecture;