Chet Smolski, Rhode Island College


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A detail of the Phasael Tower photographed in 1980. Archaeological expeditions have revealed that the tower, built by Herod between 37-4 B.C.E., was incorporated into the First Wall. Three towers were built by Herod, they were razed in A.D. 70. What survives of the Phasael Tower is just the base, originally each tower was equipped with battlements and turrets.


Smith, George Adam. Jerusalem: The Topography, Economics and History From the Earliest Times to A.D. 70, Volume II. (Ktav Publishing House, 1972)pp. 487-488

Yadin, Yigael. Jerusalem Revealed: Archaeology in the Holy City 1968-1974. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1976)pp. 12-13 (accessed 31 Oct 2011)


This object from the Chester E. Smolski photographic slides and publications, housed by the Rhode Island College Special Collections, and any of its digital surrogates are the intellectual property of Rhode Island College. This digital object is protected by copyright and/or related rights. The digital material presented here is licensed with a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. This content can be used, shared, or adapted for educational and scholarly purposes. For permissions to use this item please contact All uses must include appropriate attribution.

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Recommended Citation

Chester E. Smolski photographic slides and publications, MSS-0041, Special Collections, James P. Adams Library, Rhode Island College.


citadel, Phasael Tower, archaeology, Jerusalem