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Following Israel’s independence concrete tenement houses were quickly constructed to accommodate large numbers of refugee’s living in ma’abarot, refugee tent camps. This 1980 photograph of Machei Israel Square also shows some of these modernist tenement houses.

The square, which was proposed by Yaacov Ben Sera to be the new civic heart of Tel Aviv, was designed by architects Abramham Yaski and Shlomo Pozner, who won the job during a 1951 competition. They adhered to Sera’s plan which called for no vegetation, pavement, and space enough for 80,000 people.

The plaza is a large open space featuring a repeating geometric pattern in white on red brick. One end of the plaza iborded by vegetation and the other has a pool known as the Ecological Pool. The addition of the city hall building in 1965 redefined the hierarchy of the square and emphasizing the new urban symbolism of the new square.


Hatuka, Tali. Violent Acts and Urban Space in Contemporary Tel Aviv. (Austin: University of Texas Press, 2010), 41-45


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Creator 4 Role

City Engineer

Subject Headings

Housing -- Rental Housing -- Gush Dan -- Tel Aviv; City engineering -- Public works -- Gush Dan -- Tel Aviv; Land use -- Planning;

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City Name

Tel Aviv


city planning, housing, land use, public spaces, plazas, urban design