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A landmark of of 20th century architecture, the Valley of the Fallen was constructed in memorial to those who fell in the Spainish Civil War. Francisco Franco wanted the monument to be built on a scale like that, “of the monuments of old, which defy time and forgetfulness,” in their grandeur. Work on the monument took 18 years, and was inaugurated in 1958. The monument has been controvertial because a percentage of the construction workforce was made up of convicts, some of which were Popular Front political prisoners.



This object from the Chester E. Smolski photographic slides and publications, housed by the Rhode Island College Special Collections, and any of its digital surrogates are the intellectual property of Rhode Island College. This digital object is protected by copyright and/or related rights. The digital material presented here is licensed with a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. This content can be used, shared, or adapted for educational and scholarly purposes. For permissions to use this item please contact All uses must include appropriate attribution.

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Recommended Citation

Chester E. Smolski photographic slides and publications, MSS-0041, Special Collections, James P. Adams Library, Rhode Island College.


monuments, Valley of the Fallen