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After separating from St. Louis County in 1877, St. Louis became an independent city known for its rapid industrial expansion. During the 20th century, St. Louis experienced several urban renewal projects. Since the 1980s, revitalization efforts have focused on downtown St. Louis. The Gateway Arch, designed by architect Eero Saarinen and built in 1965, reflects St. Louis' role in the Westward Expansion of the United States during the 19th century.


Bibliography: National Park Service. "Jefferson National Expansion Memorial." National Parks Service - U.S. Department of the Interior, 2016. Accessed 6 Oct. 2016.


This object from the Chester E. Smolski photographic slides and publications, housed by the Rhode Island College Special Collections, and any of its digital surrogates are the intellectual property of Rhode Island College. This digital object is protected by copyright and/or related rights. The digital material presented here is licensed with a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. This content can be used, shared, or adapted for educational and scholarly purposes. For permissions to use this item please contact All uses must include appropriate attribution.

Creator 1 Role


Creator 2 Role

Architect of Gateway Arch

Recommended Citation

Chester E. Smolski photographic slides and publications, MSS-0041, Special Collections, James P. Adams Library, Rhode Island College.


courthouse, St. Louis, historic, historic buildings, urban redevelopment, downtown, downtown revitalization, park