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The article examines the legislative end to the struggles of pushcart vendors in the Federal Hill area after being removed from their spaces on Balbo Avenue. Legislation had been implemented to remove the restraints made by ward 13's Alderman and Mayor James E. Dunne. The article asserts this moment of victory for vendors as stating Italian American political engagement important to those running for public office.

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This article is the conclusion of a multipart article. Only parts four, six and the conclusion are available.

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I hope you have enjoyed this brief series on the Struggle of the Push Cart vendors.

Many have thought that the vendors merely stopped placing their stands on Balbo Avenue and Spruce Street not realizing the great struggle suffered to remain there, however, after the vendors were allowed to return to their former stands, a few were old men and never returned.

Some became discouraged and looked for work elsewhere, those that remained until 1962 slowly died and no one replaced them.

Those who were familiar with the history of the stands became discouraged in their attempting to establish vending positions on Balbo Avenue and Spruce Street.

However, it appears that history will again repeat itself and in the not too distant future. Perhaps the colorful vendors stands will again appear on Federal Hill.

The Landmarks of Federal Hill: The Pushcart Struggle 1930-1942 (Conclusion)