Document Type


Department (Manual Entry)

Department of Education


The purpose of this research is to investigate relationships between online college courses and in-person courses with regard to student course completion rate and course grade averages. The personality characteristics of Introversion, Conscientiousness and Academic Self-Regulation, and professor student rapport were also examined in relation to performance of the students enrolled in online and in-person classes. This study was based on an integrative theory of self- and social regulation in learning contexts. A two-tailed t-test for independent samples found no significant difference between the end of previous semester cumulative GPAs (CGPAs) of students in the online/hybrid or in-person courses. The results of a Chi square test comparing the withdrawal rate of students in the lecture and online Social Psychology course was statistically significant. Students are much more likely to withdraw from a large online course than from a large lecture course. There was a significant correlation between scores on the Academic Self-Regulation Scale and (CGPA) in the online section of the Social Psychology course. No significant differences were found, however, between the other personality characteristics and GPA.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.