Degree Name

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN)

Document Type

Major Paper


Zvart Onanian School of Nursing



Date of Original Version



One of the biggest risk factors for premature death and disability can be directly attributed to diet and yet it is not something that is not made a priority in every day life. Risk factors for cardiovascular disease include dyslipidemia, high blood pressure, elevated hemoglobin A1c, and obesity. Recently, diets that are considered to be low carbohydrate have become increasingly popular, with special attention to the Ketogenic Diet (KD). Ketogenic Diets have been researched for it'™s effects on neurological health. Given that the KD is a high-fat, low carbohydrate diet, investigations of potential risks associated with the KD have been explored. The purpose of this master'™s project is to conduct a mixed studies review on current published literature to evaluate the effects of a ketogenic diet on cardiovascular disease risk factors. Six studies were included in this mixed studies review. The findings of this mixed studies review demonstrated that the ketogenic diet decreased risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Measured variables included: high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL), triglycerides, blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), and hemoglobin A1c. This mixed studies review did demonstrate favorable results for the reduction of cardiovascular disease risk indicating that the KD may be suggested for risk reduction by the Advanced Practice Registered Nurse (APRN).

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