Self-Confidence of Public Health Nurses in Cultural Competency During Infectious Disease Investigation

Nicholas Crowninshield

Abstract

Infectious disease (ID) investigation is a core function of local, state, and federal public authorities across the United States. Public health nurses (PHN) are charged with investigating a wide array of infectious diseases, with tuberculosis (TB) being one of the most resource heavy. Strong relationships between healthcare providers and nurses with their patients are crucial for the success of the individual and of the public'™s health. As occurred with the COVID-19 pandemic, ID investigation without the participation of the individual affected makes controlling the spread of disease far more challenging. Adherence to treatment for IDs of public health concern, such as TB, is even more critical with the emergence of increasing antibiotic resistance. As the pace of globalization continues upwards there are an increasing number of interactions between healthcare providers, specifically nurses, and patients from vastly different cultural backgrounds. A quality improvement project will be implemented to assess the effect of public health nurse cultural competence training on nurses' perceptions and confidence in employing training concepts in the course of infectious disease investigation.