Erica Nelson

Degree Name

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN)

Document Type

Major Paper


School of Nursing




Rapid Response Teams (RRTs) were addressed by the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) as a means for improving inpatient hospital morbidity and mortality. There implementation was encouraged nationwide with the goal to decrease inpatient cardiopulmonary arrests, mortality rates and unplanned admissions to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the impact of RRTs on unplanned transfers to the ICU. A comprehensive literature review was performed using the PubMed database focusing on RRTs and unplanned ICU transfers. The Donabedian model was used as the theory for this review in conjunction with the PRISMA framework. Study specific data and data outcomes were extracted from individual studies and recorded in tables. Critical appraisal of the included studies was performed utilizing the CASP Checklist for cohort studies. Cross study analysis was then performed to compare outcomes of individual studies against one another in the form of a table. The findings of this systematic review addressed the impact of RRT on ICU admissions with varying outcomes in regards to number of patients admitted to the ICU after RRT review, APACHE scores, length of stay, and mortality. Results of this study address limitations of the identified research and recommendations and implications for the role of the advanced practice nurse.

Included in

Nursing Commons